Instruction includes the methods of teaching as well as the learning activities used to help students master the content and objectives specified by a curriculum.  Instruction encompasses the activities of both teachers and students.  It can be carried out by a variety of methods and sequences of activities.

One aspect of the Iowa Core’s (IC) Vision is that each K-12 educator will embed the essential concepts and skills in rigorous and relevant instruction informed by ongoing formative assessment. The IC Characteristics of Effective Instruction provide guidance for educators as outcome six of the IC Implementation Plan states that educators implement effective instructional practices to ensure high levels of learning for each and every student.

If content is challenging and relevant and teachers routinely deliver instruction that demonstrates the characteristics of effective instruction, then student learning and performance will increase.